Soane, Sir John

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b. 20 September 1753 Whitchurch, England
d. 20 January 1837 London, England
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English architect whose highly personalized architectural style foreshadowed the modern architecture of a century later.
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Between 1777 and 1780 Soane studied in Italy on a Travelling Scholarship, working in Rome but also making extensive excursions further south to Paestum and Sicily to study the early and more severely simple Greek temples there.
His architectural career began in earnest with his appointment as Surveyor to the Bank of England in 1788. He held this post until 1833 and during this time developed his highly individual style, which was based upon a wide range of classical sources extending from early Greek to Byzantine themes. His own work became progressively more linear and austere, his domes and arches shallower and more segmental. During the 1790s and early 1800s Soane redesigned several halls in the Bank, notably the Bank Stock Office, which in 1791 necessitated technological experimentation.
The redesigning was required because of security problems which limited window openings to high-level positions and a need for fireproof construction because the site was so restricted. Soane solved the difficulties by introducing light through lunettes set high in the walls and through a Roman-style oculus in the centrally placed shallow dome. He utilized hollow terracotta pots as a lightweight material in the segmental vaulting.
Sadly, the majority of Soane's work in the Bank interior was lost in the rebuilding during the 1930s, but Soane went on to develop his architectural style in his houses and churches as well as in a quantity of public buildings in Whitehall and Westminster.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1831. Fellow Society of Antiquaries 1795. RA 1802. Royal Academy Professor of Architecture 1806. FRS 1821.
Further Reading
Sir John Summerson, 1952, Sir John Soane, 1753–1837, Art and Technics. Dorothy Stroud, 1961, The Architecture of Sir John Soane, Studio.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Soane, Sir John — born Sept. 10, 1753, Goring, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Jan. 20, 1837, London British architect. He was appointed architect to the Bank of England in 1788. Various government appointments followed, and in 1806 he succeeded his mentor, George Dance… …   Universalium

  • Soane, Sir John — (10 sep. 1753, Goring, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra–20 ene. 1837, Londres). Arquitecto británico. En 1788 fue nombrado arquitecto del Banco de Inglaterra. Le siguieron muchos nombramientos gubernamentales, y en 1806 sucedió a su mentor, George Dance… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SOANE, SIR JOHN —    English architect, who left his house in Lincoln s Inn Fields with art collection to the nation at his death in 1837 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — ist ein Museum in London, das aus den drei zusammengelegten ehemaligen Wohnhäusern Sir John Soanes besteht. Das Museum wurde im 19. Jahrhundert gegründet. Die Gründung des Museums wird mit dem 20. April 1833 durch einen Act of Parliament to… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — (often abbreviated to the Soane Museum) is a museum of architecture, and was formerly the house and studio of the neo classical architect Sir John Soane. It holds many drawings and models of his projects and the collections of paintings, drawings …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane’s Museum — Sir John Soane s Museum Sir John Soane s Museum ist ein Museum in London, das aus den drei zusammengelegten ehemaligen Wohnhäusern Sir John Soanes besteht. Das Museum wurde im 19. Jahrhundert gegründet. Die Gründung des Museums wird mit dem 20.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir John Soane's Museum — 51°31′01″N 00°07′02″O / 51.51694, 0.11722 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir John Soane’s Museum — ➡ Soane * * * …   Universalium

  • John Soane — Sir John Soane [səʊn] (* 10. September 1753 in Reading oder Goring on Thames zwischen Oxfordshire und Berkshire; † 20. Januar 1837 in London) war ein britischer Architekt und Professor der Royal Academy. Ausgehend von der Tradition des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOANE (J.) — SOANE sir JOHN (1753 1837) L’architecte anglais Soane appartient à la catégorie des artistes qui découragent toute tentative de classification. Par sa longue carrière, la diversité de ses sources et la coexistence de tendances divergentes dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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